Visual Impaired

Guidelines for teachers

Classes with one or more visually impaired learners

Definition of terms:

Learner: student in non-formal education
Visually impairment: blindness or low vision

The following 10 tips are guidelines to increase inclusive education for persons with visual impairment. Focus is on creating a better basis for teachers in the adult non-formal education, so that they with awareness, a little creativity and small adjustments are able to include persons with visual impairments in most classes.

The target group for these specific guidelines is teachers who have no specific training in teaching persons with visual impairment. The guidelines are a first aid kit to get started and a source of inspiration.  


1. A visual impaired person is first and foremost a human being and should be treated like everybody else. From now on the visually impaired learner is only referred to as 'learner'!

2. Visual impairment occurs differently. Before the course starts or as early as possible you need information from the learner about special considerations and needs. Make room for dialogue on beforehand and do not hesitate to ask questions.

3. To increase self-reliance the teacher should offer the learner information about the physical conditions of the place such as entrance, stairs up/down, interior, doors, toilets and possible other facilities e.g. need for special lights.

4. A good presentation round is important in all education but in particular when a person with visual impairment is in the class.
The learner will often recognize voices and know where in the classroom the other learners are.
Instead of raising hands and before talking, all learners should say their name.

5. You can still use visual presentations in the classroom, but you must be aware of always to describe as accurately as possible what are shown in the presentation.
You may design your presentations according to international standards, so the learner can use e.g. voice over tools.

6. Whenever possible and on beforehand you should send out materials, that will be used in the next lesson, to the learner. Ask the learner about formats.

7. In classes with physical exercises it is important to give a clear verbal instruction, that includes specific direction as left/right and up/down (and not there/here). In some cases there might also be a need for some personal guidance.

8. For all practical information relating to e.g. guiding dog you should always talk to the learner.

9. Get a basic knowledge of accompanying technique available. See a list below with references and organisations from different countries.

10. Do not change your language! You may still use terms as “see you” or “take a look”.

Never talk in third person.  


You can contact your national organisation with expertise in visual impairment.

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Check out different apps for your smart phone.

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If you need materials converted to Braille there are different tools.

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